Kids Medical Dictionary

Change management – The process of developing a planned approach to change in an organization. The objective is to make the best of the shared efforts of all people involved in the change. A list of acronyms and glossary terms is likely to be found within the Department of Health information. In sum, it is probably valuable to maintain a distinction between the instrument or means of measuring something and the judging of the results.

Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder where a person binges, or eats a large amount of food all at once and then purges, forces themselves to vomit, or takes laxatives or diuretics. Starving yourself by eating very little or nothing at all is another eating disorder called anorexia nervosa. People who have this condition can have a strong fear of body fat and weight gain. Binge eating disorder happens when a person cannot control her desire to overeat and often keeps the extreme eating a secret. Unlike bulimia, with a binge eating disorder, a person does not purge her food. Extreme exercise to control weight is also a type of eating disorder.

X-RAY – Application of electromagnetic radiation to produce a film or picture of a bone or soft-tissue area of the body. VERTIGO – An abnormal sensation of rotation or movement of one’s self or the environment. VASOPRESSIN – A hormone secreted by the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior pituitary that raises blood pressure and increases the re-absorption of water by the kidneys. THALAMUS – Brain cells that lie in the upper part of the brainstem. SPINAL FUSION – Operative method of strengthening and limiting motion of the spinal column that can be performed with a variety of metal instruments and bone grafts or bone grafts alone.

The medical terms and definitions commonly used for a heart attack is myocardial infarction. MEDICAL REVIEW CRITERIA are systematically developed statements that can be used to assess the appropriateness of specific health care decisions, services, and outcomes. PRACTICE GUIDELINES are systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. The committee staff found virtually no discussion of performance measures in the literature they reviewed. The most troublesome aspect of common usage is the use of standards in quite different ways to describe either a minimum acceptable state or a state of high achievement and excellence. The same difficulty also shows up in the health services literature.

Meningitis – Inflammation of the brain’s covering, as can occur with some viral or bacterial infections. Medications – Pharmaceutical drugs are available only on the prescription of a registered medical practitioner and available only from pharmacies. Mania – A mental disorder where the person is overexcited, overactive and excessively, and unrealistically happy and expansive. It is the opposite of depression and can alternate with it in the same person in what is known as bipolar affective disorder.

Both short-term and long-term positive and negative outcomes should be examined to determine appropriateness. Some health care organizations or health benefit plans may rule out certain of these options given their objectives, resource limits, or other constraints. Such decisions, however, are distinct from scientifically and professionally based judgments about practices that are acceptable options for clinicians.

This allows the activity and performance of hospitals to be compared on a common basis. In common parlance it is often used synonymously with criteria; in the quality assurance lexicon, however, it has rather different connotations. This use of the phrases standard of practice and practice option is consistent with Eddy’s usage as described earlier. However, the committee’s use of the term guideline is equivalent to Eddy’s umbrella use of the phrase practice policy.

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Recurrent expenditure -Expenditure on goods and services which are used up during the year, for example, salaries. It may be contrasted with capital expenditure, such as expenditure on hospital buildings and large-scale diagnostic equipment, the useful life of which extends over a number of years. Privacy impact assessment – A formal process to identify and assess the impact of processes on personal privacy, including potential risks and compliance. Primary Carer – Defined by the ABS as a person of any age who provides the most informal assistance, in terms of help or supervision with one or more disabilities.